Few days ago, I came across many migration problems when I have to migrate my client’s PHP website from PHP 4.X.X to the PHP 5.6.17. So, I want to share my problems and solutions with you guys.
- The deprecated functions: This on is just easy enough to use “find and replace” function which exists in most of the editor.
As I migrated from PHP 4.X.X to PHP 5.6.17 I found several functions need to be changed as follows:
all “mysql_” functions must be replaced with “mysqli_” functions.
There are a few cautions you need to take a look here!
- when you change from mysql_fetch_array to mysqli_fetch_array you should specify the result type in the section parameter. the possible values are MYSQLI_ASSOC, MYSQLI_NUM or MYSQLI_BOTH.
- mysql_db_query($dbname, $sql) must be replaced with mysqli_query($connection, $sql). As you can see, not only i is added to the function name but the first parameter is changed from database name to database connection.
2. You cannot use “<?” (without php) anymore. All of them must be replaced with “<?php”. if you find any part of the broken code in the browser, this must be the case.
3. You will find “Notice: Undefined variable” and “Notice: Undefined index”
There are 2 solutions for this:
- Check for NULL value before you use array values. The Change the code
From : $variable=$array_name[index]
To : $variable=array_key_exists(‘index’,$array_name) ? $array_name[‘index’] : null;
- Change the configuration in “php.ini”
From : error_reporting = E_ALL
To : error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE & ~E_STRICT
4. SQL warning “Field doesn’t have a default values”
Change “sql-mode” configuration in my.ini :
From : “STRICT_TRANS_TABLES”
Hope those problem and solution help someone who come across the same problems as me. Cheers!